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Life on Nearby Exoplanet Barnard’s Star B Might Be Possible, According to Astronomers



Celebrate the big 5-0 this year? You're in good company. From the first manned moon landing to Monty Python, here are 50 things that mark half a century on this planet (and beyond) in 2019.

1. First Manned Moon Landing

Apollo 11 began his historic journey to the Moon on July 16, 1969. He reached his destination on July 20 and July 21, Neil Armstrong became the first person to climb the lunar surface, with Buzz Aldrin following him 20 minutes later. The mission marked the beginning of the United States that put a dozen men on the moon.

2. Sesame Street

On November 10, 1969, the television audience was introduced to Sesame Street (including an orange version of Oscar the Grouch). Over the next 50 years, the series has become one of the most iconic television programs, and not just for children.

3. Stonewall Riots

Early in the morning of June 28, 1

969, The Stonewall Inn – a popular gay bar in the West Village of New York – was attacked by the police. The incident sparked a series of protest riots and gave birth to the modern LGBTQ rights movement. In 2016, the bar was named National Monument.

4. Monty Python & # 39; s Flying Circus

On October 5, 1969, Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin and Terry Gilliam changed the face of the comedy sketch forever with the BBC debut of Monty Python & # 39; s Flying Circus .

5. Internet

There has been a longstanding debate about when the "Internet" was born, with many heads of technology citing April 7, 1969 as the official birth date of the web. It is the day on which the first Official Request for Comments, or RFC, was published, which included research, proposals and ideas for creating true Internet technology.

6. Woodstock

On August 15, 1969, a 600-acre farm in the Catskill Mountains of New York became the site of one of the most important musical events in rock history. roll. Although the Woodstock organizers assured city officials that there would be no more than 50,000 music lovers, the words quickly spread and the final count approached 400,000 – almost 100 times the city of Bethel's population around the world. year 4200.

7. Fla-Vor-Ice

Those plastic tubes of sugary and sugary water seem to be part of everyone's childhood – and with good reason: Fla-Vor-Ice made its debut at the supermarket in 1969. [19659002] 8. The Gap

On August 21, 1969, Donald and Doris Fisher opened the first Gap store on Ocean Avenue in San Francisco. Although the jeans were a major attraction, the retailer looked very different from then: he sold the unique (more discs) of Levi, in an attempt to attract that coveted teenage population.

9. The Beatles & # 39; s Rooftop Concert

On January 30, 1969, just around lunchtime, the Beatles reached the roof of the Apple Corps building, the headquarters of their record company, for a & # 39, unannounced exhibition. It was the first time in more than two years that the band performed live, and they did not miss a beat. The Fab Four spent 42 minutes testing new material on a crowd of spectators. Eventually, a bank manager called the police to file a complaint for the noise and the plug was pulled.

10. PBS

On November 3, 1969, PBS was founded as a successor to the National Educational Television (NET) and quickly became the country's leading broadcaster of educational and educational television. Among his most popular series in those early days were Sesame Street Mister Rogers & Neighborhood Nova The French Chef with Julia Child and Masterpiece Theater (some of which are still going strong)

11. Wendy & # 39; s

Wendy & # 39; s – the fast food burger giant that also produces a boiled potato – was founded by Dave Thomas in Columbus, Ohio on November 15, 1969. The restaurant differed from the competition with the his square burger patties, which were inspired by Kewpee's, a burger in Thomas's home town, in Kalamazoo, Michigan.

12. The Very Hungry Caterpillar

On 3 June 1969, Eric Carle & # 39; s The Very Hungry Caterpillar came into the world and made the tale of, well, a very hungry caterpillar that it makes its way through history and emerges like a butterfly a staple of goodnight stories around the world. More than 30 million copies of the children's book have been sold since its original publication.

13. "Space Oddity" by David Bowie

Stanley Kubrick & # 39; s 2001: A Space Odyssey inspired David Bowie to write "Space Oddity", the opening song of his second studio album that would become one of the definitive successes of the artist. It was released July 11, 1969, less than a week before Apollo 11 began its historic journey to the Moon.

14. Peter Dinklage

On June 11, 1969, Peter Dinklage came to rebound in this world in Morristown, New Jersey. In 1991, he made his screen debut in Shadows and Fog by Woody Allen . Today, of course, it is better known as Tyrion Lannister, the favorite character of all The character of Game of Thrones and the series real (according to mathematics).

15. Funyuns

It looks like an onion ring, it tastes like an onion-flavored chip. I funyun offer the best of both worlds since 1969.

16. The Brady Bunch

Here is the story of a beautiful lady, her husband architect, three daughters, three children, a housekeeper, a dog named Tiger and a bad luck of a cousin, all together to create a memorable family sitcom. Brady Bunch made his first on September 26, 1969.

17. Slaughterhouse-Five

On March 31, 1969, Kurt Vonnegut published what is probably his most popular work, Slaughterhouse-Five a semi-autobiographical novel based on his experiences as a POW during the Allied bombing of Dresden in 1945.

18. John Lennon and Yoko Ono & # 39; s Bed-In

On March 20, 1969, one of the world's most famous couples, John Lennon and Yoko Ono, officially joined. Knowing that all eyes would be on them in the days following their marriage, they decided to book the presidential suite at the Hilton Hilton Hotel and to organize a week-long "Bed-In" to protest the Vietnam War and promote global peace. [19659002] 19. Automatic Teller Machine

On September 2, 1969, the country's first cash dispenser began to pay out cash to Chemical Bank customers in Rockville Center, New York.

20. Cracker Barrel

On September 19, 1969, Dan W. Evins opened the first Cracker Barrel Old Country Store in Lebanon, Tennessee, where the fare prepared from scratch was always on the menu. Today, the restaurant chain operates more than 650 locations in 45 states.

21. Chappaquiddick Incident

At night on July 18, 1969, Senator Ted Kennedy drove his car from a single-lane bridge and into the water at Chappaquidick Island, Massachusetts. While Kennedy managed to escape from the vehicle, her 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne, a former collaborator of Ted's late brother, Bobby, was not. Instead of asking for help, Kennedy escaped from the scene and did not report the incident for another 10 hours. Kennedy finally pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident and received a two-month prison sentence, which was suspended. Although he remained an active politician for the rest of his life, the "Chappaquidick" incident, as he was known, is often cited as a reason why Kennedy was never elected president (ran unsuccessfully in 1980).

22. Tic Tacs

Introduced in 1969 as a "Refreshing Mint", Tic Tacs has conquered the market with tiny teenage menthines that create a funny, shaky noise while resting in your pocket. Although orange and mint were the original (and still popular) flavors, tens of new flavors have been added since then and ticks are now being sold in over 100 countries.

23. "Sweet Caroline"

In June 1969, Neil Diamond published "Sweet Caroline," who later explained that he had been inspired by Caroline Kennedy. (He also played the melody on his fiftieth birthday.) Whether you love the song or you hate it, it resists, especially as a theme in sporting events. For over 20 years, it was played at Fenway Park in Boston during every Red Sox home game. So good, so good, so good.

24. Jennifer Aniston

On February 11, 1969, Jennifer Aniston was born in Sherman Oaks, California, with actors John Aniston and Nancy Dow. Although she became a super star of Rachel Green on Friends her roles have not always been so glamorous: her first concert was an uncredited role in Mac and Me and she had a leading role in the terrible terrible "horror" film of 1993 Leprechaun . Aniston's partner is her birthday with a number of other talented actresses who will turn 50 this year, including Cate Blanchett, Renée Zellweger, Jennifer Lopez and Catherine Zeta-Jones.

25. Easy Rider

A seminal film of the counterculture of the late sixties and one of the films that kicked off the film's New Hollywood-Dennis Hopper and Peter's trippy street film Fonda made his debut at the Cannes Film Festival on May 12, 1969. Hopper, who directed Easy Rider and co-wrote with Fonda and Terry Southern, left France with the award for the best opera before the festival (and an early iconic movie on his hands).

26. I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings

Originally published in 1969, the first of Maya Angelou's series of autobiographies digs in her early years, starting at the age of 3, when she and his brother were sent to live with their grandmother in Arkansas. She culminates with an Angelou teenager who gives birth to her son, Guy, at the age of 16. The book confirms Angelou's position as one of the most original and important voices of America, and was nominated for a National Book Award in 1970.

27. "A Boy Named Sue"

On February 24, 1969 – while the famous California singer San Quentin State Prison – the legendary singer Johnny Cash made his debut "A Boy Named Sue". If the title and the text seem oddly bizarre for the Man in Black, this is because the melody was written by the author / poet of the Shel Silverstein children.

28. Firebird Trans Am

The first generation of Pontiac's legendary muscle car began to come off the assembly line in 1969 and continued to be produced – with minor changes over the years – until 2002. The vehicle took an important place in culture pop, thanks to the role of protagonist roles in Smokey and the Bandit and Knight Rider .

29. The Star Trek Finale

Given its dominance and impact on pop culture of the science fiction genre, it is hard to believe that the original version of [StarTrek has only spent three seasons on the air . But on June 3, 1969, the early Trekkies watched as an evil scientist traded bodies with Captain Kirk and attempted to take control of Enterprise in the series finale, "Turnabout Intruder."

30. Mario Puzo & # 39; s The Godfather

The bestselling novel that led to the Oscar-winning film by Francis Ford Coppola – and one of the only sequels in the history of cinema to be as good as, if not better, of his predecessor – was published March 10, 1969.

31. The Concorde

While the origins of the supersonic jet that became known as the Concorde began in the 50s, it was only on 2 March 1969 that the ship -Aka Concorde 001-made its maiden voyage It took another seven years before the plane became a normal sight in the skies.

32. Paul Rudd

The cutest actor in Hollywood was born in Passaic, New Jersey on April 6, 1969. Fifty years later, he's causing all the confusion of enthusiasm among Marvel fans. Cinematic Universe after the unexpected cameo in the first trailer of this year Avengers: Endgame . Rudd shares a birthday with Matthew McConaughey and Dave Bautista.

33. Human eye transplantation

On April 22, 1969, Houston Methodist Hospital doctors made history when they performed the first human eye transplant on 55-year-old John Madden. While the transplant itself was technically a success, the donated eye had not been properly preserved, so Madden's vision remained unchanged. "I do not know what they expected," Madden's wife said then. "They tell us that being able to transplant an eye and have movement in it is really something."

34. Midnight Cowboy

John Schlesinger's playwright on a Texas goofy (Jon Voight) and a sickly (though crafty) (Dustin Hoffman) come together to turn the six gallon galoot into one of the New York City Most of the in-demand gigolos is the first and only X-rated film to win the Oscar for Best Picture.

35. Quartz watches

On December 25, 1969, after 10 years of extensive research, Seiko made its quartz debut – Astron 35SQ, the world's first quartz watch. Still today it is registered as one of the great milestones of the world. Electrical Engineering

36 Abbey Road

Abbey Road- The eleventh Beatles album studio, and the last in which all four original members recorded together, it was published on Sept ember 26, 1969. ( Let It Be came out May 8, 1970, but was first recorded Abbey Road .)

37. Home Surveillance Systems

On December 2, 1969, Queens, a native of New York, Marie V. B. Brown and her husband Albert issued a patent for a home security system that allowed the owner to use a television to see and hear whoever was in front of the door.

38. Portnoy & # 39; s Complaint

On 12 January 1969, the publication of Comrade of Portnoy transformed the author Philip Roth into an instant celebrity and a thunderbolt for the polemics for those who questioned his candid portrayals of sexuality. He maintained an impressive status as both until his death in 2018.

39. The latest issue of the Saturday Evening Post

After nearly 150 years of Norman Rockwell cover and iconic Americana, The Saturday Evening Post ceased publication in 1969. Although the printed magazine was resumed in 1971, his attention was much more on medical articles, so it was never the same thing that had been.

40. Wes Anderson

The eccentric and extravagant director behind Bottle Rocket The Royal Tenenbaums and The Grand Budapest Hotel was born in Houston, Texas on May 1, 1969. just in the same city that Anderson attended St. John's High School, which would later hold the role of titular in Rushmore .

41. Capri Sun

Although Capri Sun – and its well-known fruit juices not difficult to pierce – did not make their way into the United States until 1981, the juice concentrate was first introduced in Switzerland in 1969.

42. Led Zeppelin

Led Zeppelin's first studio album made its American debut on January 12, 1969, less than a year after the iconic rock band formation.

43. Cory Booker

Cory Booker, longtime mayor of Newark, who became a New Jersey senator, was born in Washington, DC on April 27, 1969.

44. Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid

Director George Roy Hill brought the Western American to vertiginous new heights with the help of Paul Newman and Robert Redford when Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid were released in theaters on October 24, 1969. Four Oscars followed.

45. RMS Queen Elizabeth 2

For almost 40 years, the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 – better known as QE2 – was the great lady of the Ocean Atlantic. As part of the Cunard family of ships, the luxurious ocean liner made its maiden voyage on May 2, 1969 and continued to serve as a transatlantic shuttle between Southampton, England and New York until 2008. In 2018, it reopened as a floating hotel in Dubai.

46. Free concert by Altamont

Free concerts did not work as planned in 1969. Four months after Woodstock attracted an unprecedented number of guests to a dairy in the northern New York state, the Rolling Stones decided to host their free concert. at the Altimamont Speedway in California. While it is often reported that the Hells Angels have been officially hired as security for the event, some people involved in its planning deny this. But there is no denying that several members of the infamous motorcycle club were really there, surrounding the stage, and reacting to the increasingly agitated crowd. At the end of the night, four people had been killed – three by mistake – while many others were injured due to clashes of varying degrees of severity. The documentaries Albert and David Maysles were available to record the events, which turned into Gimme Shelter one of the most fascinating rockumentaries of all time.

47. Battery-powered smoke detectors

You know that little device that wakes you in the middle of the night by playing a racket just because its batteries are dying? But could it also save your life in the event of a fire? He is turning 50! Duane D. Pearsall invented the first battery-powered smoke detector on February 5, 1969.

48. The Manson Family

In 1967, following his liberation from seven years in prison for forgery of checks and transport of women through state lines for the purpose of prostitution Charles Manson moved to San Francisco and began to to assemble a devoted group of followers – many of them young women – who were ready to make his orders, whatever it was. Although the "family" unit had been formed a little earlier, they rose to global prominence – to the horror of the citizens of every place – when a group of followers of Manson killed five people at Roman Polanski and at the rented house in Los Angeles by Sharon Tate on the evening of August 8, 1969. Tate, who at the time was eight months pregnant, was among the victims. A week later, the police broke into the Spahn Ranch – where the Manson family lived – and arrested 26 individuals, including Manson.

49. Scooby Doo

On September 13, 1969, CBS viewers were introduced to the world by trippy Scooby Doo and his band of human mystery solvers – Fred Jones, Daphne Blake, Velma Dinkley and Shaggy Rogers – when Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! debuted as part of the Saturday morning cartoon line-up. Most of the "mysteries" ended in the same way – with the band extracting a mask from the monster that had pursued them, only to find out that it was a human being they knew – it did not seem to hinder the popularity of the classic cartoon. [19659002] 50. Turn-on

Several months before Monty Python & # 39; s Flying Circus made his debut, another comic sketch – one that included Albert Brooks between his writers – he did his first on February 5, 1969 and disappeared just as quickly. Even if two episodes were shot, only one was broadcast. Leaving the series to be remembered as one of the biggest flops of all time. (Yes, it is important to remember this too.)


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